The 4-year Bachelor of Nursing program in Macao was designed with learning credits, among which 46 credits hours are clinical placement . After abstract reviews, 19 desirable articles were found, and 6 most relevant articles were selected for the review, considering the relevance to the literature review after detailed analysis and excluding literature reviews.
Reviewing the curriculum design and organization of clinical placement in the studied school, the researchers noted that no special feature was found in year two study except more extra-curricular activities than in other years of the program. Sources of stress in nursing students: a systematic review of quantitative studies.
With this effect there will be reduced stress among nurses which is fueled by pressure.
Except for the variable 'year of study', all other demographic variables did not show any statistically significant effect on students' stress. Emotional exhaustion may occur when the nurse experiences the inability to function professionally at a psychological level, the symptoms may include depression, sleep disturbances and the inability to control emotions Maslach et al.
Jackson et al.
J Nurs Educ ;33 2 Another cause of stress is the environment and working conditions under which nurses operate. Implementation of a balanced nurse-patient ratio will effectively deal with the understaffing issue. Nurse unit managers individually and other nurses in groups were interviewed.